BRUSSELS: Europe’s stuttering vaccine rollout faced multiple hurdles on Friday (Saturday in Manila) as European Union regulators said they were reviewing side effects of the Johnson & Johnson shot and France further limited its use of the AstraZeneca jab.
The US drugs regulator said it had not found a “causal” link between the J&J vaccine and blood clots, but that its probe was continuing after “a few individuals” suffered complications.
Much of the world is still in the clutches of the pandemic that has killed 2.9 million people, from Brazil, where the virus is killing more than 4,000 people a day, to Japan where the government has tightened restrictions once again.
In India, the worst-hit state of Maharashtra is running out of vaccines as the health system buckles under the weight of the contagion. Home to megacity Mumbai, Maharashtra has been placed under a curfew and weekend lockdowns.
And across Europe populations are facing some of the world’s toughest antivirus measures, yet the epidemic refuses to be curbed.
All of France is subjected to restrictions of some form, and the country has so far doled out jabs to more than 10 million people.
But it has repeatedly changed the rules on AstraZeneca’s vaccine, first over doubts about its efficacy, then over fears that it could be linked to blood clots.
On Friday it did so again, with Health Minister Olivier Veran saying citizens under 55 who had been given a first shot with AstraZeneca would be given a different vaccine for their second dose.
But shortly after he spoke, the World Health Organization said there was “no adequate data” to support switching Covid-19 vaccines between doses.
As Europe continues to reel from constant rows over AstraZeneca’s jab, the EU’s medicine regulator announced it would be probing a second jab over blood clot concerns.
The European Medicines Agency (EMA) said four “serious cases” of unusual blood clots had been reported — one of them fatal — with the J&J vaccine, which uses similar technology to the AstraZeneca one.
The US Food and Drug Administration said it had found no “causal” link yet between the jab and clots. But it noted “a few individuals” in the country had clots and low levels of platelets in the blood after receiving the vaccine, and its investigation was continuing.
“Both conditions can have many different causes,” the agency said. Johnson & Johnson released a statement saying the company was aware that “thromboembolic events… have been reported with all Covid-19 vaccines.”
But the statement added: “At present, no clear causal relationship has been established between these rare events and the Janssen Covid-19 vaccine,” referring to J&J’s European subsidiary.
Both jabs are approved for use in the European Union but the J&J vaccine has not yet been rolled out, and various EU countries have stopped or limited the use of AstraZeneca. Supply problem are also hampering vaccine rollouts.
India, which is one of the world’s leading manufacturers of vaccines, is suffering its own problems with jabs in Maharashtra, home to more than 100 million people and the economic hub Mumbai.